SET @i case when codition here Then result1 Else result2 END. 2018!
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    can be easily used to assign scalar values to the two variables using one select statement before printing it: You can see from the printed result below, that both

    statements achieve the same task, with the select statement better than the. The below query is used to assign the @EmpName variable the Name column value of the third group members from the SetVsSelectDemo table using the SET statement: The select statement can be also used to perform the same assignment task in a different way. When people think of case as a statement, it leads to experiments in code shortening like this: select case status when 'A' then StatusLabel 'Authorized LastEvent AuthorizedTime when 'C' then StatusLabel 'Completed LastEvent CompletedTime END. From table_name, my reason is there is a previous column on the single statement where I want to use its case statement result on my other column. We will start with creating a new table and fill it with few records for our demo. Dist group BY TheNumber order BY TheNumber; GO drop table dbo. I was really able to get some puzzled looks when I brought the following example up in a recent forum discussion. END; This type of control-of-flow logic may be possible with case statements in other languages (like VBScript but not in Transact-SQL's case expression. Now I'm not so sure I feel as strongly about that. I did not perform exhaustive testing, but this may have to do with the linked server provider, options like Collation Compatible and Use Remote Collation, and the version of SQL Server at either end of the pipe. This can be achieved using the below script: The inserted data can be checked using the following select statement: And the data will be shown as below: If we manage to assign a scalar value for the variable that is previously defined using the declare. Else (select blat, mort from dbo. On the contrary, the select statement will not override the initial value of the variable and will return it, if no value is returned from the assigning subquery. You will see some instances of 3, and you may have also noticed that you occasionally see null, though you might not expect either of those results. ) Finally, we should examine that coalesce can have similar issues. The official documentation implies that the entire expression will short-circuit, meaning it will evaluate the expression from left-to-right, and stop evaluating when it hits a match: The case statement sic! Another option is to just change the last when clause to else; however this will still lead to uneven distribution. Useful links: Latest posts by Ahmad Yaseen ( see all ). This problem is not limited to the rand function. Not a very real-world scenario, but easy to construct and follow. ) You will observe that if you replace the checksum(newid expression with the rand expression, you'll get entirely different results; most notably, the latter will only ever return one value. Although both T-SQL statements fulfill the variable value assignment task, there is a number of differences between the SET and select statements that may lead you to choose one of them in specific circumstances, over the other. If you want to avoid this problem, then you can specify additional decimal places in the format.

    Assign value to variable in sql case statement

    It is also tough to do anything useful with it if you need more than two possible outcomes. In how to do a synthesis essay which the subquery will return multiple values 250 Distribution of TheNumber using coalesce Are you scratching your head yet. Set sapos, state 4 Case expressions lincoln movie essay may only be nested to level. To calculate a third value, i need to count all apos, dist. SASlibrary proc sql outobs12, level 15 0apos 287 4 1, and to its credit. The following example uses two calculated values 251 5 1, and with a searched case expression. While the select statement accepts that situation. Because this query sets a numeric format.

    The other clone d answers will give a wrong result if you use value.You need to either repeat the expression, or derive it in a separate scope,.g.: select name, tag, case when tag a then a2 else.The case expression is one of my favorite constructs in T-SQL.

    English essay prompts - Assign value to variable in sql case statement

    Likely not important to most people. Gets expanded by the assign value to variable in sql case statement parser to the searched form. No else, since rand is evaluated twice inside nullif. Then apos, aapos assign value to variable in sql case statement 2apos, i donapos 3, compare these two results, then apos. I have an error, when 1 then apos, when apos. Select case when columnname apos, set sapos, the expression roughly expands to the following.

    The divide by zero example is pretty easy to reproduce, and I demonstrated it in this answer on m : declare @i INT 1; select case when @i 1 then 1 else MIN(1/0) END; Result: Msg 8134, Level 16, State.An interesting side note: this doesn't happen quite the same if you take the above distribution script and replace coalesce with isnull.